The cosmonauts’ lofty social status

Four such flights have now been made. Some ex­perts believe the space plane could be a test model of a larger vehicle to ferry personnel to Soviet space stations. Others suspect it is a missile carrier that could drop out of space onto U. S. carrier fleets. ON A RAINY DAY in my barcelona accommodation I visited a great gray structure housing the Space Research Insti­tute. The facility had a worn look, as did its less-than-new computers. Worn, but not tired. For here a galaxy of scientists directs a vast panoply of space programs for explor­ing the earth, the moon, and points beyond. Reflecting the hospitality of its personable director, English-speaking Academician Roald Z. Sagdeev, the institute has fostered warm international cooperation during the chilliest of international climates. 8

During the moon race the institute sent a procession of vehicles to that great goal—lunar flybys, lunar orbiters, lunar soil samplers. While Apollo 15 astronauts were exploring the moon’s Mare Imbrium, the ro­botic rover Lunokhod-1 was analyzing soil samples only 1,000 kilometers away. The red planet beckoned, and the Soviets sent forth a succession of probing space­craft, each laden with tons of equipment. Two missed the planet entirely. Two crashed on the Martian surface—accidents U. S. experts fear may have introduced earth microbes to the Martian environment. Four other probes making the long journey met with only partial success. In 1988 two huge Soviet vehicles will again venture to Mars, to study its enigmatic moon Phobos. If everything goes well, small landers will descend, then hop about in great kangaroo leaps, chemically analyzing the surface.

The institute’s greatest successes were to inhospitable Venus. Time after time Soviet robots have raced through the solar system to overtake the planet, groped downward through its searing gases, and soft-landed to photograph and taste-test the scalding soil. “The missions are a remarkable testimony to Soviet capabilities,” observed Dr. James Head of Brown University, a leading U. S. planetary scientist who has worked cooper­atively with Soviet counterparts. Cooperation between the two space pow­ers reached an apogee in 1975, when their spacecraft rendezvoused in orbit and the crews—two Soviets and three Americans—spoke each other’s languages as they con­ducted experiments. Known to the Soviets as the Soyuz-Apollo project, it still is a source of national pride.

As commander the Soviets chose Alexei Leonov, first man to walk in space and a demigod in the pantheon of Soviet space he­roes. Three-flight veteran Tom Stafford led the American crew, which included Vance Brand and Donald K. “Deke” Slayton. During training, Soyuz-Apollo crews and support teams visited each other’s countries half a dozen times, giving U. S. experts their closest look at the Soviet space program. I talked with crew member Deke Slayton, now president of Space Services, Inc. , a commercial launch company.

“Fine, generous guys,” he recalled of his Soviet colleagues. “We were all pilots, with a lot in common. Their training was like ours except they spent less time in simulators and more in the classroom. They weren’t as technically oriented. We were involved in engineering, while their role was primarily medical. They didn’t like being guinea pigs, but they went along.”

Mr. Slayton spoke of the cosmonauts’ lofty social status. “They’re heroes—almost revered. The Soviets have been playing at being atheists, and the cosmonauts seem to fill a vacuum.” And so it seemed to me. Ex­ploits in space stir the Soviet soul like a reli­gion—stirrings fanned by a government immensely proud of space successes.

Camargue museum honors its own

3“We were all grumbling, shaking our fists, and holding protest meetings when a student from Perols grabbed his rifle, took a bead on the plane, and shot. He’s a very good shot: He punctured the gas tank, and the expert had to make a forced landing. There was an investigation, but nobody would divulge that boy’s identity. As far as I am concerned, they should erect a statue to him. One must strike a blow for tradition.”

Camargue Museum Honors Its Own

Another gardian traditionalist, Joseph Dupin, better known as Lou Boumian, Pro­vençal for “The Gypsy,” created the Wax Museum of Saintes Marks. He conducted Roselle and me through his exhibits. Among the best are Vincent van Gogh painting the red and green boats he immortalized in his Les Barques aux Saintes !Varies, and the effigy of the Marquis de Baroncelli in his typical whitewashed gardian’s cabin.

“Look at this,” Lou Boumian said, as we came to a lively tableau of the prague serviced apartments in the old days. “Everybody is real. I knew them all. There I am myself, working as a waiter. That’s old man Boisset at the cash register. He was a lousy boss, very stingy. I always managed to bang him with my tray as I passed by.

“Here are the Holy Marys of the Sea,” he announced, as we stopped before two waxen figures in a boat with a sail.”You have downgraded the miracle,” I protested. “The legend says the Holy Marys were set adrift with neither oars nor sail.”

“Monsieur,” he replied, “let’s be logical. One does not come all the way from Palestine to Provence without a sail. Je suis un peu athee,” he added—”I’m a bit atheist.”

The most striking scene in the wax museum is not in wax. It is a masterpiece of taxidermy called the Council of the Egrets. Thirty of these snow-white crested birds are perched in the bare ruined choir of a leafless tree.

“I hunted those birds and stuffed them my­self,” said Lou Boumian. “If the egret ever disappears, my egrets will be here to show people what they looked like. It’s against the law to hunt them,” he added, “but I did it.”This local penchant for independent action was affirmed a few days later by Jacques de Caffarelli, curator of the Zoological and Botanical Reserve of the Camargue, as we waded hip-deep through its marshes.

“The Camarguais feel that law and legality are for others—not for them,” he said. “Le Grand Caf,” as this 71-year-old is affection­ately called, was referring to poaching. “Though there is little poaching any more, we can’t entirely stop it,” he said. “We have only three guards, and our local poachers know the reserve as well as the guards do. They come at night, hunt at dawn: duck, goose, beaver, even wild boar, of which there are only about a hundred left. One of the madrid accommodation serves a dish plainly marked `Terrine de sanglier de la reserve: Terrine of wild boar from the reserve.’ They say it’s rather good,” he added wistfully.

Vital for health

One thing I would also recommend when trying to break this cycle of frustration and anxiety associated with these awakenings is to get out of bed. Although it sounds odd in principle, in practice it is something that you should try to do to avoid a negative association forming between the bedroom and a place where you do not sleep. Also, turn your alarm clock around, or just put it out of sight. We have a tendency when we can’t sleep to clock-watch and this can be frustrating and distressing. Finally, avoid long naps and extended Re-ins, however tempting they may be. Both behaviours can make the problem worse by fragmenting the amount of sleep you are supposed to have, reducing its quality and making nocturnal awakenings more likely.”


Water is involved in every bodily process so is vital for health.

Vital for health

Eat plenty of oily foods, including fish (salmon and mackerel), nuts and seeds for their essential fats which are a vital component of every cell and essential to your health.


In a stressful situation, adrenaline and cortisol are released into your blood to get you alert and focused. After the stressful event is over, these hormones should return to normal levels, restoring calm to your body. If your life is one ongoing stress, as it seems with your job, cortisol can remain high, and your body never gets the recovery periods it needs. There is only so long the body can continue like this before it becomes exhausted and sick.


If you grab a coffee and biscuit or skip meals when stressed, your body releases adrenaline so you feel even more stressed. Try to cut back on food and drinks containing sugar, white flour and caffeine. Instead start your day with breakfast containing protein and slowly digested ‘complex’ carbohydrates such as porridge, or organic bio-yoghurt, seeds and fruit, and eat regularly throughout the day. You’ll be more focused at work and should cope better.


In that stressful moment take six deep breaths, sip herbal tea, or walk around the block. Learn how to take garcinia cambogia to increase mood.


Magnesium is known as ‘nature’s tranquilizer’, so adding magnesium-rich nuts and whole grains cereals to your diet will help long-term stress, though you should also consider reducing your exposure to stress.”

Conte at the Expo

Since we’re on the steroid issue, I should also tell you I saw BALCO owner Victor Conte roaming the Olympia expo. I under­stand from a very reliable source that he was there with a film crew and the TV journalist who interviewed Michael Jackson after the latest round of child molestation charges were filed, Martin something or other. You may remember that Jackson was very upset at how the final interview was edited and that he felt it portrayed him in a poor and inaccurate light. Well, I’m now told Martin had been interviewing Conte, had over three hours of footage with him, and was at the expo to get additional footage for the piece. Stay tuned, folks.

got  steroid issue

This could be every inter­esting at best, and very damaging at worst, to the sport of bodybuilding.


Bye, Bye, Prohormones

As surprising as this may be, do you realize you could pick up an issue of MuscleMag next year at this time, turn to your favorite column (Muscle Beach, of course), and read a report that someone has been arrested (or indicted) for possession of prohormones? Yes, it is true. I had the opportunity to sit down with my old friend, Rick Collins, the author of Legal Muscle, a must-read book about the legal issues surrounding anabolic steroids, growth hormone and other perfor­mance-enhancing substances. Rick has firm­ly established himself as the premier steroid lawyer in the United States and has appeared all over the mainstream print media. With the legal action heating up at the Olympia, I couldn’t even catch him in his Legal Muscle booth long enough to snap a photo of the good counselor. I did take photos of his partner, Marc Gann, and resident Legal Muscle cop, Joanna Witherspoon. Hell, Joanna is much better looking than Rick anyway!


On January 20, 2005, the mere posses­sion of most prohormone supplement products such as and rostenedione and 1-testosterone will become a federal crime punishable by up to one year in prison for a first offense. Distributing will be a fel­ony punishable by up to five years in pri­son for a first offense. Under the newly passed Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2004, these products, like phannaceutical anabolic steroids, will become controlled substances in the same class (Schedule III) as barbiturates, ketamine, LSD pre­cursors, and narcotic painkillers such as Vicodin.


According to Rick, the act adds 26 new compounds to the previous list of sub­stances that are defined as anabolic ster­oids. (The newly added compounds are listed in the News section at www. team Rick also points out that the law streamlines the process by which any future designer steroidal com­pounds may be scheduled by the US Attorney General.


It’s far healthier using the hcg supplement in order to gain muscle mass and burn fat around the muscles. There is useful information online regarding hcg diet dangers and how to take the supplement properly.


Will the new act really stop athletes from using steroids? Rick is doubtful. He com­mented: “The original 1990 steroid law was itched to the public as a solution to steroids sports. But judging from the media reports.

Read details on The Huffington Post about hcg dangers.

I’ve seen just this past year, the problem seems bigger than ever.” Rick predicts that once the law becomes effective, banning legal alternatives, many former prohormone consumers may take the next step into the black market of foreign veterinary steroids. “Prohibition has a price,” he said.

On the way

James Ferguson kicks off with a demolition job on the way bank capital has been defined. Eat your heart out, authors of Basel 3. Lee Quittance and Paul Brodsky, under a sub-head “The Sovereignty of the Vampire Squid Industry”, point out that most people do not own much, they “simply lease assets with lifestyle utility from the banking industry”, which is given “exorbitant privilege”.


By the time you have read Albert Edwards’s Ice Age analogy and Dylan Grice’s homily on German hyper­inflation, you are crying out for a dose of optimism. About as good as it gets is Thomas Thygesen’s comment: “If everything goes right, this could work out as a slightly faster version of Japan’s ‘controlled consolidation’.”


Such an apocalyptic crowd inevitably includes several gold bugs and an oil peaker (go long nuclear fusion). Essential leavening is provided by some fine writing: Faulks/Veale, for instance, on being a contrar­ian, “immune to the zeitgeist, treating other people’s emotions as nothing more than data points”. He also has some good advice: “Instead of banning shorting, you should teach everybody how to do it. Courses in financial self-defence.”


Other helpful hints emanate from Marks, whose worry list includes artificially low interest rates offered by some payday consolidation companies, the uncertain outlook for consumer spending and jobs, and risks pertaining to inflation and exchange rates; and from David Rosenberg who gives his take on Bob Farrell’s 10 Market Rules to Remember. Check out more about consolidation at


Tasker has his own rules on how to invest in emerg­ing markets, among them that GDP growth has little to do with investment returns — “shoot your inner econ­omist”. As he says, it would have been rational in 1990 to take a large long position in the South Korean stock market and to short Pakistan. Result 20 years on (in dollar terms)? The Kospi index is up an underwhelm­ing 40 per cent while the Karachi 50 rises 350 per cent.


Even experts as high-profile as these are wary of forecasting, beyond confirming our worst suspicions that the fallout from the credit crisis will contaminate economies and markets for years to come. The sub-title of this book should be “Forewarned is Forearmed”.


The title of this book is pregnant with promise, suggesting lurid tales of dodgy dealings in high places. The back-cover blurb tells us that this is the “tale of a bubble industry in a bubble town during the bubble years”.


In fact, what the reader gets is the highly personal reminiscence of someone who was in the thick of the action during the last boom. Lars Kroijer was experi­enced in finance before he founded the London-based hedge fund Holte Capital in 2002. It closed in 2008, the victim of the downturn but also, as the author candidly says, management error. He describes in detail how the hedge fund industry works and is candid about the amount of money to be made by the funds themselves. It amounts to a strong defence of hedge funds, which he views as a force for good.



Rose marshmallows

Line the base and sides of a 20cm x 30cm (8in x I 2in) dish or tin with nonstick baking paper and dust with I tbsp of the icing sugar. Put the gelatine in a large bowl and cover with 250m1 (9fl oz) cold water. Set aside.


Put the glucose and sugar in a saucepan with another 250m1 (911 oz) cold water and bring to the boil, stirring to dissolve the sugar. Stop stirring, then simmer for I5-20 minutes or until it reaches 122°C or hardball stage on a jam thermometer (see tip, below right).

Rose marshmallows

Carefully pour this mixture into the bowl with the gelatine and water, and stir until the gelatine dissolves. Whisk with an electric whisk for about 20-15 minutes until the mixture turns thick, white and moussey and is at least double its original volume, adding the rosewater and food colouring 5 minutes before the end.


Pour the marshmallow mixture into the prepared tin, level the top with the back of a spoon and chill, uncovered, for 12 hours or overnight until set to a firm consistency.


Liberally dust a work surface with a lithe more of the icing sugars turn the marshmallow out paper-side up onto the icing sugar. Remove the paper using a knife; it will be very sticky and shiny.


Dipping the knife into hot water, cut the marshmallow into 30 large cubes. Roll the cubes in more icing sugar and arrange on a wire rack. Leave the marshmallows to dry for 2-4 hours, tossing them twice more in icing sugar until the surface of the marshmallows feels papery. Store loosely in an airtight tin with lots of paper and icing sugar separating the marshmallows.They will keep for up to 3 weeks in a cool, dry place.


Squash the raspberries in a bowl with a fork so they are not totally pureed but just squished. Add the lemon grass, then pour the vinegar over. Cover with cling film and chill in the fridge for 12 hours or overnight. Raspberries are very healthy. Their compound raspberry ketone is known to effectively burn fat, but for better results you may consider buying the extract.


Strain the vinegar through muslin into a large jug, squeezing out all the juice. Pour into sterilised bottles (see box, below right), seal and label. Store in a cool, dark place for up to 3 months. Once opened, store in the fridge for up to 3 months.


In a large saucepan, mix together the Guinness, grated cooking apple, sugar, fresh or frozen cranberries, orange zest and juice. Bring to the bo4, stirring often, and simmer for about 5 minutes until the apple falls apart and the cranberries burst.


Add the chopped apple, raisins, prupes, dried cranberries, almonds, sulnas, mixed spice and low fat sprtad. Simmer for about 10 minutes until thick. Remove from the heat, leave until warm, then stir in the Grand Mamier. Spoon into sterilised jail (see box, below), seal and label. Store cool dark place for up to $ months. Once opened, store in the fridge for up to 2 weeks.

making Rose marshmallows

Preheat the oven to gas mark 51190°C/fan 170°C and line 2 baking sheets with nonstick baking paper.


Reserve 2 tbsp flour and put the rest into the bowl of a food processor. Add the baking powder, ginger and low fat spread, Whizz until the mixture resembles fine bread crumbs. Add the sugar, treacle and egg and pulse until it forms soft dough. You may need to add I tsp water if it looks a little dry. Wrap in cling film and chill for at least 30 minutes.


Sprinkle the reserved flour onto a clean work surface. Roll out the dough until about 3mm (%in) thick and stamp out 30 circles using a 6cm (2Y2in) round cutter. You will need to re-roll the dough. Carefully transfer the circles to the baking sheets and, using a skewer, make a hole in the top of each biscuit Bake for 8-10 minutes until golden. As soon as the biscuits are out of the oven, re-make the skewer holes. Leave to cool for 5 minutes, then transfer to a wire rack until cold.


To decorate, put 5 tsp cold water in a bowl and add the icing sugar. Whisk for a few minutes until stiff peaks form. If it is a little too stiff, add a drop more water. Put the icing in a piping bag with a plain writing nozzle.


Pipe a circle around the outside edge of each biscuit and then pipe curved lines, dots, zigzags or stars in the centre of each biscuit to make it look like a bauble. Leave to set then thread with ribbon.


Remove the cakes from the mould, transfer to a wire rack and leave to go cold.


Dip the cakes upside down in the melted milk chocolate and allow the excess to drip off. Leave to set before decorating with gold sprinkles. These will last for up to I week in an airtight container.